Cognitive Therapy

The ESP team provides the best cognitive therapy in the area to help our brain injury patients get back to their lifestyles.

What is cognitive therapy?

Cognitive dysfunction occurs when there is neurochemical change or damage to the axons in the brain. Axons carry messages within the brain and if they become damaged the brain struggles to communicate. This type of damage can occur even if a person did not hit their head or lose consciousness. Cognitive therapy is a specialized therapy that helps improve a person’s cognitive or thinking abilities. These abilities include:

  • memory
  • attention
  • problem solving
  • information processing speed
  • time awareness
  • sequencing
  • comprehension while reading
  • mental flexibility
  • organizational skills
  • abstract thinking
  • frustration tolerance
  • control of emotions

The difficulties each person experiences are unique to them. Camma Love works with individuals to identify and learn what methods will be most helpful to them and their lifestyles. Cognitive therapy includes an evaluation with standardized evaluation tools. These tools allow Camma to identify the areas of cognitive strengths and weaknesses. She then uses the patient’s strengths to design a treatment plan. This treatment plan uses strategies allowing the patient to practice correct functioning to improve their cognitive weaknesses. Camma applies the methods to different thinking processes and the brain improves task performance. Rehearsing the correct functions and methods re-develops and enhances neural pathways, and improves cognitive function.

Who needs cognitive therapy?

There are many indications for patients who need cognitive therapy. These include processing issues, forgetfulness, perceptual troubles, executive function problems, emotional swings, and/or concentration issues.


Forgetting important things or things that you do not usually have trouble remembering can indicate the need for cognitive therapy. Struggling to consistently remember appointments, people’s names, and/or paying bills is not normal brain decline.

Executive Function Difficulties

Executive function is the ability to learn, work, and manage daily life. Those struggling with planning and organizing have executive function difficulties. Being able to initiate and/or complete tasks is also a sign of executive function decline.

Concentration Problems

Those suffering from head injuries and in need of cognitive therapy often have problems concentrating. They can no longer follow conversations as well or follow instructions. They also lose track of time and have difficulties reading and/or understanding what they have heard or read.

Processing Issues

Processing issues can occur in busy areas, such as grocery stores or large group settings. The brain is unable to process too many things at once and gets overloaded or ‘foggy’. This can then cause feelings of anxiety and one can become overwhelmed. Issues with processing may also present as trouble completing motor tasks, thinking quickly, thinking fatigue, and struggles with problem solving.

Perceptual Trouble

Perception is the ability to become aware of your surroundings through your senses. Difficulties with perception can be not noticing objects (usually on one side), troubles with directions, and/or difficulties judging distance

Emotional Swings

Having normal mood swings when things are not going your way is normal. However, if you constantly feel moody, irritable, or frustrated it could be a sign of something more.

Camma Love, OTR/L, CBIS

Camma is an experienced cognitive & occupational therapist specializing in  neurological disorders. She is also a Certified Brain Injury Specialist.